Every company relies on software to function, and every software must be tested before it is made available to users. However, not every stage of the process can benefit from beta testing or other forms of crowdsourcing.
Every business places a high priority on testing, and many of them favor automation testing over manual testing. The testing team creates several test cases and manually tests each feature during the manual testing process. If a bug or error is discovered, the developers will notify someone who will subsequently correct the mistakes. Once more, the procedure is repeated until the product has no defects.
In addition to taking a lot of time, managing the manual testing process includes careful planning, problem tracking, and reliability analysis. Automation through the use of testing software and the use of more expedient, less expensive, and effective production techniques, testing frequently automates repetitive testing.
Test automation is a permanent trend. This is so that good test automation may reduce human work by using repeatable, reliable procedures, boost testing ROI, speed up testing and feedback, and ultimately cut costs for the company. According to a recent poll, 24% of respondents claimed to have immediately or within the first six months seen a return on their test automation expenditure.
Therefore, consider this your beginning point if your business is undergoing any new product launch or wants to be a part of digital transformation, or if you’re just ready to jump in and put forth the necessary initial effort. So without any delay, let’s dive into the basics of test automation, its frameworks, and types to get you started.
A Brief Overview of Test Automation Framework
According to Global Market Insights, the market for automation testing will exceed USD 15 billion in 2020. This number did not come as a surprise. Since 2011, the market for automation testing has been expanding at a consistent 16% annual rate. In 2027, it’s anticipated to surpass the $40 billion mark.
- What possible causes could be responsible for this rapid growth?
- The challenging projects that demand a lot of manual testing time?
- The agile methodology demands that software be released as fast as possible.
- Or the routine operations that result in errors when carried out manually?
There may be a discussion over that later, but one thing is for certain: If automation testing is expanding at this rate, then the tool used to conduct it is also expanding quickly. So, everything is made possible by the test automation framework, which is widely utilized in the modern world.
The core of software automation is innovation.
The software business has undergone a revolution thanks to automation, which makes systems more effective and lessens the workload of manual testing. As a result, introducing new software items to the market has accelerated, particularly to test automation tools.
For quicker execution, test automation software is supported by test automation frameworks. Automation frameworks are best compared to a tried-and-true recipe for the software testing process that can be applied again to a specific set of goods or apps.
A test automation framework is a supporting structure that offers an environment in which automation test scripts can run. It enables the user to create, run, and report automation test scripts efficiently. These frameworks typically incorporate principles, coding standards, ideas, procedures, practices, project hierarchies, modularity, reporting methods, test data injections, and other elements.
A few of the main advantages of automated test frameworks are:
- An increase in test efficiency.
- Lower maintenance costs as compared to manual or undefined test structures
- Minimal manual assistance
- Maximum coverage of tests.
- Code reusability
Before discussing the types of automation frameworks, know why the test automation frameworks are vital.
Significance of Test Automation Frameworks
The implementation framework encourages automation testing as a technical best practice. Consider, for illustration, a testing team with members who fall under various Automation Testing codes. They are unable to edit standard script and code parts that a team member within a project has modified.
The top test automation frameworks assist the team in writing the test script in a consistent structure while also providing the advantages of code reuse in many scenarios. The framework for test automation can address every problem. The following are a few more advantages of adopting automated framework testing:
Optimization of Resources: The test framework aids in maximizing resource utilization by streamlining the process and utilizing various resources in accordance with organizational requirements.
Fewer Manual Efforts: Automation frameworks guarantee fewer manual tasks, which reduces the possibility of human error. A test automation framework can be used to resolve any differences caused by various coding standards or time restraints because it mostly eliminates the need for human intervention.
Reporting: Reporting features in test automation frameworks let developers produce thorough error reports. This provides developers with a clear understanding of which applications went wrong and where the problem is found.
Productive Results in Less Time: The amount of time needed to set up and execute tests is reduced by an automation script. We can produce more in less time with better efficiency and speed.
Efficiency: By automating the test scripts, test automation frameworks guarantee an effective method for the overall software development cycle as it reduces its runtime, boost scalability, and quickly identify problems; they contribute to increasing the effectiveness of the test.
Various Types of Test Automation Frameworks
With a basic understanding of an automation framework, we will now harbinger you to the many types of test automation frameworks offered on the market. Additionally, we’d want to discuss their advantages, disadvantages, and usability suggestions.
These days, a wide variety of automation frameworks are accessible. These frameworks may vary from one another depending on how well they support various important elements of automation, such as reusability and simplicity of maintenance.
Linear Automation Framework
A linear test automation framework, commonly referred to as a record-and-playback framework, allows testers to create functions without writing any code. Instead, the stages are described in chronological order. Each step, including navigation, user interaction, and checkpoints, is recorded by the tester, which then automatically replays the script to run the test.
- You can eliminate this criterion from the job description and concentrate solely on investigating applications for problems, as linear testing frameworks don’t need any coding to function.
- For beginners, it is advisable to use linear testing frameworks.
- The linear testing framework can significantly speed up the testing framework.
Modular Based Testing Framework
When employing a modular framework, testers must divide the software being tested into several parts, functions, or sections, and each of these parts, functions, or sections must be checked independently. The program is divided into separate modules, and each module is given a test script, which is then integrated to create larger tests using a hierarchical approach. These more extensive test groupings will start to represent various test scenarios.
- It helps in focusing on a smaller section of the application
- Any change in the module will affect only the related scripts
- Enhance the code reusability of the system
- Reduces the maintenance work of the application
Library Architecture Framework
The Library Architecture Framework, which builds on the Modular Framework, has a number of advantages over the former. First, this framework organizes related tasks within the test script into functions and then puts them in a library rather than fragmenting the test case. The test script can use these functions anytime a functionality is required because they are made up of tasks with similar goals.
- It offers a high level of modularisation and easy test maintenance
- It offers good scalability
- It is cost-effective and allows developers to use code again and again,
Data-driven Testing Framework
The required inputs and anticipated output results for this kind of testing are kept in separate data files. Here, a single-driver test may run all required test scenarios using various data sources. A driver script includes operations like reading data files and navigating the entire software.
- The total number of test scripts needed to execute all of the available test cases is decreased.
- Before a test is implemented, or even before the testing system or environment is set up, test data might be prepared.
- This framework guarantees better flexibility when it comes to upkeep and problem fixes.
Hybrid Testing Framework
As its name suggests, the hybrid testing framework is created by combining two or more frameworks to achieve the best of both worlds. In other words, a hybrid framework’s goal is to use many frameworks’ advantages to speed up and improve testing. The traits that the QA team is searching for in the framework determine which two frameworks are joined to produce the output. Creating a framework by adhering to established rules is a good idea.
- Very useful in today’s agile software development ecosystem
- This framework also offers enough flexibility to adapt new features and technologies
- This framework is preferable to achieve the best test results
Choose the Right Automation Framework to Produce the Best Results
Testers should look for an automated testing framework that is flexible and supports a variety of apps and languages. This enables them to participate in the testing procedure regardless of their qualifications and experience. The hybrid framework is one such adaptive testing strategy that effectively integrates with many apps and procedures.
You can choose the structure based on your work requirements, group competency, time constraints, and budget. Normalization improves profitability with test automation architectures. By adhering to the framework, you can ensure the most extensive test inclusion in your innovation cycle.
If you are unaware of these testing frameworks but want to launch a bug-free product, hire software testers from us, as they are a highly qualified QA team that will help you address today’s continuous testing demands.